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  Ecological Footprint Analysis for Regional Development in Mojokerto Regency, East Java Province - Indonesia  
Diupload oleh : Eko Budi Santoso, Ir., Lic.Rer.Reg., Dr.
Pengarang : Eko Budi Santoso, Belinda Ulfa Aulia, Vely Kukinul Siswanto, Atina Ilma
Tahun : 2017
Dipublikasikan di : 14th International Congress of Asian Planning School Association 2017 (APSA 2017), Tsinghua University, Beijing China, 12-14 October 2017.
Jenis Jurnal : International Conference
Eksternal Link : http://
Bidang Penelitian : Regional Science
Abstrak : Mojokerto regency has an important ecological function because this region consists of an area of hills, protected forests, national parks, and disaster-prone, also as a buffer area for the Gerbangkertosusila region. Therefore, it is necessary to consider the environmental carrying capacity for the development of the region. This study aims to measure the existing ecological carrying capacity conditions in Mojokerto regency, consisted of bio-capacity, ecological footprint and ecological deficit. The ecological footprint approach is a calculation to determine the level of ecological environmental balance in Mojokerto regency based on the land use patterns and utilization. This approach measures the level of occupational population against the carrying capacity of the land that is using the quantitative model. The research variables using the size of land area according to the type of land use, for example, agricultural land, industrial land, residential land, forest land, and conservation land. This measurement is based on two data sets from 2002 and 2014 to compare and evaluate the regional development based on the ecological deficit condition. The result of the bio-capacity value from entire area is 395,118 Gha in 2014. While in 2002, the value of bio-capacity is 293,628 Gha, which means in 2014 the value has increased up to 35%. The bio-capacity greatest contribution possessed by agricultural land with 46%, followed by husbandry land with 26%, built up land with 16%, land for absorbing carbon emissions by 6% and fishing ponds by 2%. There is a slight change compared to bio-capacity value in 2002, of which 60.3% is agricultural land, built up land by 18.9%, forest land by 12.3%, husbandry land by 8.2%, and fishing ponds by 0.4%. While the ecological footprint on 2002 are 181,166 Gha, and on 2014 are 318,272 Gha, therefore it increased up to 132%. The conditions of ecological deficit showed in 2002 estimated 101,140 Gha while in 2014 estimated 4,866 Gha. So there declined up to 95%. Most of the agricultural land and forestry land have surplus by a considerable margin. While the area with the characteristics of high population density such as land settlement shows the high level of deficit.
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